Also, about those councils there is very little
documentations on their year of foundation and the same Radice
takes as a certain reference to the existence of the churches the "Liber
visitationis" of Mons. Ludovico I° De Torres, bishop of
Monreale who visited Bronte in September 1574.
We give now a synthetic list of some churches disappeared for general
negligence or completely destroyed by earthquakes or the lava of mount
Etna happening frequently during the centuries and also (seems
unbelievable) by building speculation (the old
Church of Madonna del
As a brontese historian writes, "where there is a temple, a church
there is an aggregation of men town, village, farmhouse and the
history of the towns, of the villages intertwines with the history of
the churches origin".
The churches of Santa Maria di Gollia, San Mauro, S. Nicolò De
Santa Nicolella district) and San Marchetto (with an
annexed hospice) were dependant to the Monastery of S. Filippo di
Other churches of Norman epoch, placed in the districts
Corvo, Rotolo and Santa Parasceve, are mentioned in a
Nicolò I°, archbishop of Messina.
Tradition preserved in 18° century writings mentions other four
churches found in Bronte by king Ruggero: the church of
San Marco on the hillock of the same name, that of
Salvatore between San Marco and the Ciapparo
district, that of S. Giorgio, which was near the ossuary
of the present cemetery (was shaped like Greek cross with frescos on
the walls and the date of 1121) and the church of Santa Maria
Chiesa Maggiore which was in the district of the SS. Trinità.
Besides the rural churches of the districts Cattaino, Carbone,
Bolo, Scalavecchia, Placa Baiana, Spanò, Ricchisgia, the Radice
of S. Isidoro in district
Barbaro (which probably was a parish),
S. Nicolò Castellaci (shaped as a Greek cross),
Santa Maria della Scala (in district Piana, called also
dell’Odigitria, patron saint of the Albanian colony),
Cristo alla Colonna (near the Simeto river).
Were covered by the lava of the 1651 the
of S. Pietro dell’Illichito (in district
Brignolo) and of Purgatorio.
"Which and how many churches – concludes
Benedetto Radice - could exist in the ancient, original
Bronte...other than district of fifty straw stacks!".
During the centuries Bronte changed many times its
Till 1178 Bronte depended from Messina, from 1178 to 1801
passed under the dependence of Monreale, and then went back to Messina
After a short period in which depends to Nicosia diocese (1817-1844)
passes definitively under the present Catania diocese.