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Mario Lupo

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Mario Lupo

Mario Lupo, (Bronte 1904 -- 1986), was a professor of natural sciences in Bronte at the Capizzi Secondary school, journalist, interested in politics (was deputy major of Bronte in the years 1970) but, above all, was a great chemist.

With remarkable anticipation and insight, in postwar (1950 -1964) he was the first to talk about the oil fields of Bronte and of the island territory (the "Sicily petroliferità" as he called it) and to develop ideas and hypothesis, both flywheel of economic and social growth.

He was also the first to guess and speak of the oil showings of the San Nicola district (the "San Nicola fire") and of the Gioitto zone. ("Idrocarburi in libertà- Bronte oil center", Gian­notta publisher, Catania, 1962).

He wrote that "with the name "ot;ot;giuittu", the Arabs indicated the black bitumen. They could have observed signs of hydro­carbon and that could have given the name of  Gioitto to this zone?".

Already in the 1929, as a solitary researcher, tried to define the oil peculiarity of Sicily ("petro­liferità"): by sending his analysis and the first samples "of certain  oil origin" taken by him, to the Sicilian territory to the Experimental Station for the Fuels Of Milan.

As a political man, he tried, in every way, to bring to Bronte some economic benefits, deriving from the utilization of the hydrocarbons found on his territory.

Despite his studies and the persistent action in searching for the petroleum, remained however, "a prophet in his country", unheeded, having

had vulgar interlocutors, not only locally.

Today the research, the utilization of oil fields, in Bronte and other zones of the island, and the use of methane have became Sicilian realities.

In the territory were discovered important metha­ne fields (gasoline), rich of liquid pro­ducts degasified in a big plant, built, by the E.N.I., at a few kilometers from Bronte.

"The petroleum meant a pacific revolution; the industrial and economic revolution which would have changed the face of my land; it meant a better future. It meant the revival: it was worth to dedicate  my modest efforts of technician to the first professional experience, the first love.

And it was, truly a persistent action, searching  for petroleum on my own, a  composite action that I judged civil and social, among technique, journalism and politics". (Mario Lupo)
 

Professor Mario Lupo (left) in 1960. To his right the lawyer, Fortunato Attinà, deputy mayor of Bronte in he same period; in center his son Francesco Attinà.


 


"Oil" hypothesis of 1949 by Mario Lupo on a territory of 5.000 square km.

The elliptical surface represents the Bronte-Gagliano Castelferrato methane rich extensive district for about 1.000 square km, come to light following big searches in the years 1955-56


The triangle of the Sicilian hydrocarbon described by Mario Lupo in 1960  (from "Sicilia petrolifera", Bronte, 1982)


Giuseppe Grassi


Giuseppe Grassi, (Bronte 1913 -- Rome 1980) was a surgeon of clear reputation; he worked also at the San Giovanni hospital in Rome.

He was founder of the International College Of Digestive Surgery and the scientific magazine having title "Gastroenterologic surgery".


A memorial tablet dedicated to Surgeon Giuseppe Grassi; stands in a Capizzi College corridor.

Translated by Sam Di Bella

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