The "Beam of' Nicola Spedalieri workers"
Education and mutual aid
"Society" that, similarly to the Circle of Honored Workers, aimed
at the moral and material improvement of the individual and the
community, the education of the working class and mutual aid was founded
in Bronte in 1892.
It took its name from the first promoter of human rights, by our
philosopher Nicola Spedalieri, and in his honor was in fact called the
working class "Fascio de 'lavoratori Nicola Spedalieri".
Following the ideas and the dictates of the philosopher, he was born
with the aim of "cultivating the mind and soul of the members with
instructive and moral readings and lectures on the rights and duties of
man and citizen, on the fundamental laws and civil institutions ".
It also aimed at "the establishment and operation of a school to
teach reading and writing to those workers, who are deprived of any
rudiment of education" and for this purpose the association also had
a social library. Following then the trend of the time the "Fascio
de' lavoratori", in addition to the cultural improvement of the
members, also had mutualistic purposes "for the improvement of the
condition of the members".
The Statute - 28 articles of a few lines each - foresaw that every adult
member (even at the time considered at the age of 21) pay fifty cents a
month and that the capital was drawn a daily subsidy (not exceeding one
pound a day and no later than six months) in favor of the «sick partner,
who is in absolute need».
I do not know how long the working company
has lasted or where they have their registered office. The
Statute was approved by the members 'assembly on November 12,
1892 and certainly until August of 1895 the Nicola Spedalieri
Workers' Beam "continued to operate." As for the certificate of
admission and the copy of the Bylaws that we have viewed, I
think that the monthly payments of 50 cents up to a given
story.The Certificate had been issued a name of the "partner
Isola Gaetano of Antonino, of 30 years from Bronte, of
shopkeeper work, admitted in the Company there 12 November 1892"
and signed by the President S Dandrea and Secretary A.
In addition to the workers, other "social
classes" can also be enrolled in the "Fascio de 'Nicola
Spedalieri workers", even if they have considerable limits and
only come honorary members.
Strangely, the Statute also
foresaw that for the honorary offices must be used to the class
of professionals and those for the most important positions
(that of director, deputy director, secretary, cashier and
bursar) must be chosen people of the class, said in Bronte dei
Civili ». The honorary president and vice-president, the
director and the vice-director, the secretary, the cashier and
the economy do not have the right to vote, they can say "to
attend the sessions to dare their lights".
Duties then of the
Director, Deputy Director of the Workers' Society, to "care to
nurture the mind and the mind of the members with instructive
and moral readings and lectures on the rights and duties of man
and citizen, on our fundamental laws and our civilizations ",
with conferences held, as needed, once or twice a week. It was
also their task to cure "The institute is a school to teach and
write to all acts, which are devoid of any rudiment of
education". In short, not just tasks and perhaps for this
reason, they were chosen "in the class, called Bronte dei Civili".
And no discounts on legality. On the moral question, the Statute
did not allow exceptions: it did not allow membership of
"ammonite workers, nor those who were sentenced to infamous
sentences" "for crimes against property and against modesty".
And if the worker cautioned or condemned was already part of the
association had to be "removed from the register of members"
(today similar people are elected without particular scandals to
our Parliament as our representatives). At least three years
must have elapsed from the expiation of the sentence in order to
be admitted as a member of the worker's society and those who
had been warned or condemned had "given evidence of good
An example for our times when we continue to talk
about the "moral question", but we can not have a Parliament or
a Council without more convicts or "clean" electoral lists. Each
member, then, "in his interest, and for the decorum of the
company and the country, must behave irreproachable" penalty
"after three warnings from the Supervisory Board" the expulsion
from the Company.
And no charges for life in the "Fascio de 'lavoratori
Nicola Spedalieri": "All offices, recited the statute, both
effective, both honorary, including those of the Director and
Deputy Director, the Secretary and the Deputy Secretary, the
Cashier and the Economer last for a year. The first Sunday of
December we will proceed with the renewal of the offices and
will take possession of them on January 1 ".
Last note: in
addition to mutual aid, the Statute also provided that "in case
of death, the members should accompany the confrere to the
cemetery preceded by the social banner".